Pantherophis guttatus guttatus

(Corn Snake)

Pantherophis guttatus guttatus
The Corn Snake previously known as Elaphe guttata guttata, is considered as one of the best snakes for beginners. It has a reasonable size, beautiful colors is easy to keep and breed and has a calm temper. Over time it has been one of the most popular snakes at all.
Pantherophis guttatus guttatus
The Corn Snake is one of the smaller ratsnakes reaching the size of 182,9 cm but is normally between 100 and 125 cm. It is a typical ratsnake with a long slender body and a clearly defined head. The ground color is reddish with darker saddles on the back. The belly is white/cream in color with black spots formed like a chessboard. It is found from New Jersey in the north and untill Florida in the south. To the west it is replaced with the subspecies Pantherophis guttatus emoryi. In the most southeastern corner of it`s distribution a subspecies Pantherophis guttatus rosacea is described, that has a unicolored white or cremish belly. Some people states that it is only a color variation, but it can be found at sale shows for a much higher price than the nominate form.
Pantherophis guttatus guttatus
The Corn snake kan i found in various habitats, where a minimum of its demands are present It prefers connection to water like ponds or streams or open forrests. It is an exellent climber, and can be found very high up in the treetops. In the northern part of its distribution, it can be found active during the day, but they get get more and more dusk or night active the more south it lives.
Food consists mainly of smaller rodents, and the corn snake can eat relatively large food objects. Besides rodents like mice or small rats they eat birds, bats, lizards, amphibiens and eggs.
Mating takes place in the early spring and the eggs are deposited in the early summer. 2 clutches in one year are possible in the the southern part of its distribution.
Habitat fra Alabama
It is absolutely one of the best representatives for the snakes to keep in captivity. There are rarely problems and they can intertaine the owner for many years. The oldest known corn snake was 21 years and 9 months old, and they normally live more than 15 years.
They are not critical conserning their inviroment, as long a few demands are present, but they prefer a large and high terrarium, with heating spots in the upper half. They don`t need a high room temperature. 22-25*C is sufficient and a heating spot, which they seek especially after a meal. Night temperature should be about 5 degrees lower.
Normally corn snakes will eat often and a lot, so owerfeeding should be avoided. Food items should be mice,small rats or dayold chickens. Once a week is sufficient.. Hibernation in 2-4 months at 12 - 15 *C is natural, but not mandatory for breeding.
Breeding corn snakes comes naturally if you have a pair and kept under sufficient conditions. After the first shedding after hibernation the mating occour and the female lay her eggs 35 - 45 days after copulation.About 6-10 days prior to that she will shed. The juveniles hatch after 58-65 days at 27*C.
It is proven that some juveniles reject to feed for several months and needs force feeding to survive. This can be limited if the female is at least 3,5 years old, in good conditions and the temperature in the incubator is lowered. Our best incubation temperature was 26,3*C